), refrigeration or reefer units: The protective cooling of perishable freight by ice, liquid nitrogen, or mechanical devices. LASH: These 900-foot-long ships carry small barges inside the vessel. neo-bulk cargo: Uniformly packaged goods, such as wood pulp bales, which stow as solidly as bulk, but are handled as general cargoes. In the maritime industry, cargo is often carried by tractor-trailers. chock: A piece of wood or other material put next to cargo to prevent it from shifting. containerization: The technique of using a container to store, protect and handle cargo while it is in transit. Length Overall (LOA): Linear measurement of a vessel from bow to stern. See: breakbulk, container, bulk, dry bulk). Then several towboats will assemble the barges into tows bound for various ports and inland waterways, without the ship having to spend time traveling to each port. Grain elevator: Facility at which bulk grain is unloaded, weighed, cleaned, blended and exported. Used to handle containers in the storage yard to and from storage stacks, trucks and railcars. barge: A large, flat-bottomed boat used to carry cargo from a port to shallow-draft waterways. The charge is based on the length of a vessel. anchorage: Port charge relating to a vessel moored at approved anchorage site in a harbor. trucks: Heavy automotive vehicles used to transport cargo. terminal operator: The company that operates cargo handling activities on a wharf . The maritime unions within ports can include locals of the larger union, such as the General Longshore Workers; Clerks and Checkers; Sack-sewers, Sweepers, Water boys and Coopers; Dock Loaders and Unloaders of Freight Cars and Barges; Dray Clerks, Weighers and Samplers; plus the Seafarer’s International Union; the National Maritime Union; the Marine Engineers’ Beneficial Association and the Teamsters. The laborers hired by the stevedoring firms are called stevedores or longshoremen. In 1999, for example, the U. S. Customs Department collected over $22 billion in fees nationally, which went into the U.S. Treasury. Governs construction specifications for ISO containers. dry bulk: Minerals or grains stored in loose piles moving without mark or count. heavy hauler: A truck equipped to transport unusually heavy cargoes (steel slabs, bulldozers, transformers, boats, heavy machinery, etc.). If the box is on a chassis/trailer, it is a wheeled operation. capacity: The available space for, or ability to handle, freight. stripping: The process of removing cargo from a container. This "heavy lift" machinery may be installed aboard a ship designed just for such transport. Variations are collapsible containers, tank containers (for liquids) and "rag tops" (open-topped containers covered by a tarpaulin for cargo that sticks above the top of a closed box). Container on Flat Car (COFC)- A container placed directly on a railroad flatcar without chassis. deadhead: When a truck returning from a delivery has no return freight on the back haul, it is said to be in deadhead. The maritime industry includes people working for transportation (ship, rail, truck and towboat/barge) companies, freight forwarders and customs brokers; stevedoring companies; labor unions; chandlers; warehouses; ship building and repair firms; importers/exporters; pilot associations, etc. bulk cargo: Loose cargo (dry or liquid) that is loaded (shoveled, scooped, forked, mechanically conveyed or pumped) in volume directly into a ship’s hold; e.g., grain, coal and oil. ABS: The American Bureau of Shipping is a U.S. classification society that certifies if a ship is in compliance with standard rules of construction and maintenance. Console in the editor (beta) Clear console on run General. bulkhead: A structure used to protect against shifting cargo and/or to separate the load. The Customs Department also works to prevent the importation of illegal drugs and contraband. Most such cranes operate on rail tracks and have articulating rail trucks on each of their four legs, enabling them to traverse along the terminal and work various bays on the vessel and for more than one crane to work a single vessel simultaneously. (See also: operating port.). An employees who drives a tractor for the purpose of moving cargo within a container yard. vessel operator: A firm that charters vessels for its service requirements, which are handled by their own offices or appointed agents at ports of call. In an IMX yard, containers can be lifted from truck chassis to rail intermodal cars or vice versa. See also Customs house broker. Includes the ability to load and unload containers/breakbulk directly from rail car to vessel. The front section where the driver sits is called the cab or the tractor (because it pulls a load). Cargoes from different sources are usually consolidated to save costs. At the receiving port, the process is reversed. straddle carrier: Container terminal equipment, which is motorized and runs on rubber tires. These big trucks are often also called 18-wheelers. (See landlord port.). quay: A wharf, which parallels the waterline. elevator: A complex including storage facilities, computerized loading; inspection rooms and docks to load and unload dry bulk cargo such as grain or green coffee. A steamship agency does not own the ship. LCL: The acronym for "less than container load." dunnage: Wood or other material used in stowing ship cargo to prevent its movement. manifest: The ship captain’s list of individual goods that make up the ship’s cargo. motor ship (MS) or motor vessel (MV): A ship propelled by internal-combustion engines. (verb) The process of removing sediment from harbor or river bottoms for safety purposes and to allow for deeper vessels. There the container is lifted off the vehicle and lifted onto a ship. 10-15 3D Marvel Captain America "illumi-mate" Co Change 10-15 9.0 inch TFT 800*480 AT090TN12 V.3 LCD Panel D Change 10-15 Inflatable Dinosaur Bouncy Castle Indoor Infla Change A barge is 200 feet long, 35 feet wide and has a draft of 9 feet. Likewise, the person who represents the ship in port is still often called a steamship agent. Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ) - Known in some countries as a free zone, a foreign trade zone (FTZ) is a site within the USA (in or near a U.S. Customs port of entry) where foreign and domestic goods are held until they ready to be released into international commerce. gross tonnage: The sum of container, breakbulk and bulk tonnage. Classic Columns Bottom results Right results Tabs (columns) Tabs (rows) Console. Fender piles are also called sacrifice piles since they are designed to be discarded after they are broken. railhead: End of the railroad line or point in the area of operations at which cargo is loaded and unloaded. The operator invests in cargo-handling equipment (forklifts, cranes, etc), hires longshore laborers to operate such lift machinery and negotiates contracts with ocean carriers (steamship services) to handle the unloading and loading of ship cargoes. intermodal shipment: When more than one mode of transportation is used to ship cargo from origin to destination, it is called intermodal transportation. channels of distribution: The routes by which products are transported from origin to destination. freight forwarder: An individual or company that prepares the documentation and coordinates the movement and storage of export cargoes. maritime: (adjective) Located on or near the sea. container freight station: The facility for stuffing and stripping a container of its cargo, especially for movement by railroad. mean low water (MLW): Lowest average level water reaches on an outgoing tide. They are there to absorb the shock of a ship as it docks at the wharf and to protect the structural pilings that actually support the wharf. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. Hostler (or hustler): A tractor, usually unlicensed, for moving containers within a yard. corediamtool.com. Commodities are transported between major ports, then transferred to feeder vessels for further transport to a number of additional ports. Electronic commerce has been under intensive development in the transportation industry to achieve a competitive advantage in international markets. Tank barges: Used for transporting bulk liquids, such as petroleum, chemicals, molasses, vegetable oils and liquefied gases. Warehouses operated by private firms house goods for longer periods. tractor-trailer: Some trucks are a solid unit, such as a van, but many have three main units. Here's another set of Tarpaulin Templates in PSD format for birthday. project cargo: The materials and equipment to assemble a special project overseas, such as a factory or highway. duty: A government tax on imported merchandise. common carrier: Trucking, railroad or barge lines that are licensed to transport goods or people nationwide are called common carriers. The spreader bar on a container crane is telescopic to allow lifting various length containers. dockage: A charge by a port authority for the length of water frontage used by a vessel tied up at a wharf. Merchandise may enter a FTZ without a formal Customs entry or the payment of Customs duties or government excise taxes. container: A box made of aluminum, steel or fiberglass used to transport cargo by ship, rail, truck or barge. U. S. Army Corps of Engineers: See Corps of Engineers. Rubber-Tired Gantry (RTG): Traveling crane used for the movement and positioning of containers in a container field. An agent arranges for pilots; tug services; stevedores; inspections, etc., as well as, seeing that a ship is supplied with food, water, mail, medical services, etc. master: The officer in charge of the ship. (See: steamship agent). longshoremen: Dock workers who load and unload ships, or perform administrative tasks associated with the loading or unloading of cargo. reefer: A container with refrigeration for transporting frozen foods (meat, ice cream, fruit, etc. (See also: home port). bill of lading: A contract between a shipper and carrier listing the terms for moving freight between specified points. Behind the shed, cargo moves over the "rear apron" into and out of railroad cars. A Google ingyenes szolgáltatása azonnal lefordítja a szavakat, kifejezéseket és weboldalakat a magyar és több mint 100 további nyelv kombinációjában. Machinery, appliances, project cargoes and even recreational vehicles move on deck barges. contraband: Goods prohibited in trade (such as weapons going to Iran, anything to Cuba). (Also known as a customhouse broker.). labor union: An organization of workers formed to serve members’ collective interests with regard to wages and working conditions. Electronic Data Interchange (EDI): The exchange of information through an electronic format. marshaling yard: This is a container parking lot, or any open area where containers are stored in a precise order according to the ship loading plan. Examples are potash, industrial sands, wheat, soybeans and peanuts. Calls may range from five to 24 hours. fleeting: The area at which barges, towboats and tugs are berthed until needed. Board of Commissioners: The members of the governing board of a port authority are called commissioners. Overseas, the ship can discharge clusters of barges in the open waters. Sometimes, the whole wharf is informally called a dock. Barges carry dry bulk (grain, coal, lumber, gravel, etc.) toplift: A piece of equipment similar to a forklift that lifts from above rather than below. wharf: The place at which ships tie up to unload and load cargo. One 40 ft. Container is equal to two TEU's. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. cartage: Originally the process of transporting by cart. Home port: Port from which a cruise ship loads passengers and begins its itinerary, and to which it returns to disembark passengers upon conclusion of voyage. If the cargo box is placed directly on the ground, it is called a grounded operation. This shipping method has both greatly expedited the speed at which cargo is moved from origin to destination and lowered shipping costs. (Contrast with a transit port.). Smuggled goods. transit shed: The shed on a wharf is designed to protect cargoes from weather damage and is used only for short-term storage. Examples include iron, steel, machinery, linerboard and woodpulp. The Captain America Replica Shield is a 1:1 full-scale premium duplication of Steve Rodgers’ trademark accessory. Worldwide organization formed to promote development of standards to facilitate the international carriage and exchange of goods and services. Reflectvie Glass Beads For Road Marking. I.L.W.U.- International Longshore and Warehouse Union, which operates on the West Coast. hopper car: A freight car used for handling dry bulks, with an openable top and one or more openings on the bottom through which the cargo is dumped. Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium (commonly known as RFK Stadium, originally District of Columbia Stadium) is a defunct multi-purpose stadium in Washington, D.C. general cargo: Consists of both containerized and breakbulk goods, in contrast to bulk cargo. draft: The depth of a loaded vessel in the water taken from the level of the waterline to the lowest point of the hull of the vessel; depth of water, or distance between the bottom of the ship and waterline. export packers: Firms that securely pack export products into a container to crate to protect the cargo from damage during an ocean voyage. launch service: Companies that offer "water-taxi" service to ships at anchor. customs: A duty or tax on imported goods. JIT: The abbreviation for "just in time," which is a way to minimize warehousing costs by having cargo shipped to arrive just in time for its use. Transtainer: A type of crane used in the handling of containers, which is motorized, mounted on rubber tires and can straddle at least four railway tracks, some up to six, with a lifting capacity of 35 tons for loading and unloading containers to and from railway cards. Aircargo Guangzhou. Members of a Board of Commissioners can be elected or appointed and usually serve for several years. A terminal operator oversees unloading cargo from ship to dock, checking the quantity of cargoes versus the ship’s manifest (list of goods), transferring of the cargo into the shed, checking documents authorizing a trucker to pick up cargo, overseeing the loading/unloading of railroad cars, etc. marine surveyor: Person who inspects a ship hull or its cargo for damage or quality. Shore cranes, floating cranes and lift trucks may also adapted for such heavy lifts. They may or may not be members of labor unions. A large towboat is used to push from 5 to 40 barges in a tow is called a line boat. pallet: A short wooden, metal or plastic platform on which package cargo is placed, then handled by a forklift truck. Your uncle is a great guy and deserves a gift just as great as he is. Úteis consignment: A shipment of goods. A ship is too powerful to pull up to the wharf on its own. The trailer is the detachable wheeled chassis behind the tractor, on which containers or other cargoes are placed. It cuts power and lets the tug nudge it in. on-dock rail: Direct shipside rail service. An agent handles all details for getting the ship into port; having it unloaded and loaded; inspected and out to sea quickly. Originally, chandlers (candle makers) provided illumination to ships. consolidator: The person or firm that consolidates (combines) cargo from a number of shippers into a container that will deliver the goods to several buyers. Automatic Machine. Examples: NSCSA (National Shipping Company of Saudi Arabia), American President Lines (APL), Maersk Sealand, Evergreen, etc. Conference rate: Rates arrived at by conference of carriers applicable to water transportation. Corps of Engineers: This department of the U. S. Army is responsible for flood protection and providing safe navigation channels. gjmach-chn.com. Dead Weight Tonnage (DWT): Maximum weight of a vessel including the vessel, cargo and ballast. deck barge: Transports heavy or oversize cargoes mounted to its top deck instead of inside a hold. versus the amount listed on the ship’s manifest. This inventory control method depends on extremely reliable transportation. operating port: At an operational port like Charleston, South Carolina, the port authority builds the wharves, owns the cranes and cargo-handling equipment and hires the labor to move cargo in the sheds and yards. towboat: A snub-nosed boat with push knees used for pushing barges. railyard: A rail terminal at which occur traditional railroad activities for sorting and redistribution of railcars and cargo. ABS: The American Bureau of Shipping is a U.S. classification society that certifies if a ship is in compliance with standard rules of construction and maintenance. The U.S. and some other countries require such trade to be carried on domestic ships only. drayage: Transport by truck for short distances; e.g. Longshore gangs are hired by stevedoring firms to work the ships. The Corps is vital to keeping navigation channels open by dredging sand, silt and gravel that accumulate on river and harbor bottoms. warehouse: A place in which goods or merchandise is stored. Glossary courtesy of: The Port of New Orleans www.pola.com, Georgia Ports Authority www.gaports.com, and the Port of Halifax www.portofhalifax.com. and liquid bulk (petroleum, vegetable oils, molasses, etc.). It refers to a partial container load that is usually consolidated with other goods to fill a container. feeder service: Ocean transport system involving use of centralized ports to assemble and disseminate cargo to and from ports within a geographic area. LTL: Means a shipment that is "less than truckload". General cargo operations produce more jobs than bulk handling. An NVOCC then sells that space to various small shippers, consolidates their freight, issues bills of lading and books space aboard a ship. A stevedore hires longshore labor to lift cargo between the ship and the dock, where the port’s laborers pick it up and bring it to the storage site. The Corps builds and maintains the levees, flood walls and spillways that keep major rivers out of low lying communities. See labor unions and longshoremen. (noun) - A dock is a structure built along, or at an angle from, a navigable waterway so that vessels may lie alongside to receive or discharge cargo. A small towboat (called a push boat) may push one or two barges around the harbor. Take a look at our list of 101 Best Gifts for Uncles and treat him right. It can straddle a single row of containers and is primarily used to move containers around the terminal, but also to transport containers to and from the transtainer and load/unload containers from truck chassis. Containers in the editor ( beta ) Clear console on run general ship/truck/rail/barge. Carriage and exchange of goods and services turn placed on a wharf which. 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