Explain six factors that favoured the spread of Christianity in East Africa. I shall start by first examining the key words in the title of this article, and by briefly discussing the phenomenal growth of Christianity in sub-Saharan Africa. On the one hand they were driven by a strong desire to genuinely serve humanity and bring about material and social changes which would improve its quality of life. When the time came to divide up Africa, Germany and Great Britain were the two countries with principle interest. The reaction to the missionaries from the Taita people were faced with many problems when carrying out their duties. The scope of the study is 1877-when Christianity was first introduced in Uganda to 1962 when Uganda got her independence; the period when Christian missionaries lost influence together with the colonial rulers. Effects of missionaries in East Africa They spread Christianity and baptized many converts. In Africa and the Pacific missionaries could train the children of the elite by providing elementary schools. The first is the reasons for colonization of Africa and the strategies used to achieve the colonial objectives. In the period of Apartheid South Africa, AIR was widely practised, although in secret. This is why formal education was introduced and remained in the hands of missionaries that came to Africa to civilize the Africans. University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa Abstract The aim of this article is to describe the impact of Christianity on sub-Saharan Africa. Several missionaries died at a youthful age due to the unfriendly tropical climate. Catechists were also trained who helped in the spread of Christianity for example, in Uganda by 1911 many people had been converted and many cathedrals and churches were built like the Kikuyu churches (Charismatic Arathi or spirit churches.) The area of study is Buganda in Uganda. The effects of missionaries on West Africa included a loss of cultural identity, a change in the unity of West Africa, an increase of nationalism, and a spread of Christianity due to trained black missionaries. Religions of Africa (1985) that one of the most fascinating aspects of our history is the richness and varieties of its religious traditions. Download full-text PDF Read full-text. The Portuguese were the first to introduce Christianity to the east African coast in the 15th c. this attempt however had little success. For a start, I argue that colonialism, slave trade and missionaries are the bastion of Western civilisation and culture in Africa. Catechists were also trained who helped in the spread of Christianity for example, in Uganda by 1911 many people had been converted and many cathedrals and churches were built like the Kikuyu churches (Charismatic Arathi or spirit churches.) Colonialism, perceived in this context, is an imposition of foreign rule It is an historical fact that Africa was evangelized through colonial machinery. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. Of course, it has not in Europe or North America as well. Keywords: Colonial Rule, Africa, Colonial Mentality, European Missionaries, Imperialism Introduction Colonialism has become a stigma for Christianity in contemporary Africa. This is correct to the extent that colonialism serves as a vehicle of implantation of cultural imperialism in Africa. ... s lave t rade and missionaries are the ... hunger, corruption and famine. MISSIONARIES IN UGANDA (1876- 1900) One of the main characteristics of the British Empire was that religion and education were closely linked. The work will be examined under two broad headings. colonialism and its impact in Africa. On the other hand they were possessed of a moral self-righteousness which led them to make hasty and uninformed … Missionaries played an important and complicated role in shaping the social and political face of South Africa. But sometimes well-meaning efforts can do … Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. external agents for the introduction of Christianity to Africa were European missionaries. The Long-Term Impact of Christian Missionaries on Human Capital: Evidence from Nigeria Benefits Beyond Evangelism. effects of missionaries in East Africa They spread Christianity and baptized many converts. The sad effect of this was that it in turn reduced the level of co-operation of the Africans and thereby slowing down the work of the European missionary in Africa if not grinding it to a halt Mary Britain claimed Walvis Bay You can download the paper by clicking the button above. Christian missionaries were central agents in the develop- ment of the educational systems in former African colonies. in South Africa. Download Free PDF ... colonies by studying the effect of Christian missionaries in the past on current education in former colo- nies in Africa. In fact, it’s predicted that almost 40 percent of the world’s Christians will reside in Sub-Saharan Africa by the year 2050. Many missionaries believed that European rule was the best way to end evil practices such as the slave trade. Christianity. THE ROLE OF MISSIONARIES The legacy of Christian missionaries in Africa lives up to this day. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. They also wanted to “civi-lize,” that is, to “Westernize,” the peoples of the foreign land. Factors Promoting Imperialism in AfricaSeveral factors contributed to the Europeans’ conquest of Africa. To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. European missionaries to southern Africa during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries played a strangely ambiguous role in the history and affairs of the region. Inspired by Christian providentialism and emotional connections with their African ancestral heritage, ex-slaves in Britain and America provided much of the impetus for missionary contact with Africa in the nineteenth century and some subsequently returned to Africa as missionaries. The European missionaries condemned polygamy and some other African culture entirely. - some degree of assimilation is implicit in any missionary endeavour; however, the degree of assimilation could vary. Answers (1) To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. In southern Africa most of the leaders who participated in the fight for independence were educated by missionaries or schools built by missionaries. Time will tell whether Christian values will continue to have more influence in Africa. While missionaries could sometimes clash with colonial governments, for the most part missions were important tools for colonial governments. effects of missionaries in Africa. As they claimed, The missionaries emphasized teachings of never questioning authority and accepting colonial rule as ordained by God. There will also be conclusion/refl ections at … This article focuses on the religious encounter between European Christian Missionaries and the African traditional religious beliefs in East Africa. Christian missionaries devote time, energy and billions of dollars to helping African children orphaned by the AIDS epidemic. The influence of conversion for populations is significant, but Woodberry explains that missionaries tended to have a positive influence beyond evangelism. Their coming of Christian missionaries to East Africa and Africa in general was based on a number of motives which were humanitarian, economic, political and social in nature. Thanks to the efforts of missionaries and African believers who have diligently shared the gospel over the past two millennia, Africa is forever changed. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. They used some of the British Empire’s resources and then in turn the empire coerced them to use their teaching to subdue the Africans. The reason for the secret practice was that the missionaries, by the 19th century, ‘whether they were Congregational, Methodist, Anglican and Lutheran or, Catholic, were aggressively May 14, 2019. During colonialism in South Africa they defied the government and educated black students at a time when the colonial governments forbade this … The Christian missionaries of different missionary societies made a tremendous contribution to education in South Africa. This has tremendous impact on human relations in view of the resurgence of religion and its growing role in both public and private life. Christianity has clearly not completely taken hold in Africa. the 19 th century missionaries from England worked throughout Namibia, building a church that is Namibia’s oldest building today. Africa, and specifically Nigeria is subject to many problems, including corruption, greed, continued sexual immorality and violence. Date posted: March 13, 2017. On 17 August 2016, an article titled, “The Damning Effects Of Religion In Africa,” written by Kofi Asamoah Okyere was published on Modernghana.com in which the writer sought to establish a case that religion impeded the development of Africa.. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. The recurring pattern shows long-term positive effects of missionaries spreading the gospel. Again, in West-Africa, the efforts to go beyond the coast to reach those inland with the gospel coincided with the southwards expansion of Islam which posed some threat to the expansion of … Their arrival in South Africa was aimed particularly at spreading the Word of God. Effects of Missionary activities in Africa Missionary societies wherever they worked, left a lot of social, political and economic effects. 0 Comment. Missionaries saw the voyages to Africa by their governments as an opportunity for them to spread the teaching of the Christian faith. German missionaries started arriving in the 1840s working with England. It is not an overstatement to say that colonialism aided missions in nineteenth century Africa. Missionary Activity and Schooling in Former African Colonies: How Competition Mattered, Human capital, institutions, and incentives : micro and macro perspectives, Acemoglu Gallego Robinson Institutions Human Capital and Development 2014, The Evolution of Human Capital in Africa, 1730 -1970: A Colonial Legacy, The Missionary Roots of Liberal Democracy. A Comparative analysis of the 19th and 21st century religious conflicts on the Jos Plateau, Central Nigeria, Religion as Strategy in Nigerian Home Video Films, Religious Conflict on the Jos Plateau: The Interplay between Christianity and Traditional Religion During the Early Missionary Period, SAMUEL JOHNSON ON THE EGYPTIAN ORIGIN OF THE YORUBA. All of them were imbedded in positive and negative categories as explained by;- The missionary societies converted the west African people and generally in the whole of Africa into Christianity. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. As we shall later make clear, African agents and circumstantial logic played an active and pivotal role in this process. The missionaries came to spread Christianity and to counter spread Islam, civilise Africans and spread Western Culture, to fight slave trade, to encourage legitimate trade and to explore Africa. The second is the impacts of colonialism in Africa. Missionaries had both positive and negative effects throughout the history South Africa. - missionaries did see themselves in the role of integrating Africans into the social, economic and even political aspects of the colonial society evolving in the Cape Colony and South Africa. Answers (1) Identify five reasons for the coming of Christian Missionaries in East Africa (Solved) State five reasons for the coming of Christian Missionaries in East Africa. This chapter critically examines the missionary factor in African Christianity during the colonial era, between 1884/5 and 1970. 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