Members can attend, for free, the LTOA meetings which are held four times a year and cover a wide range of tree related matters. It is not known to be present in the UK. [R.A.M., 30, p. 244]), infection is believed to have appeared for the first time in 1926. Larger agricultural and landscaping equipment such as terracing machinery should be jet-washed with water to remove any contaminated soil before moving to new sites. This 2nd edition English-language version has been revised and updated by John Parker of the LTOA and Neville Fay of Treework Environmental Practice to include additional material relevant to the UK situation, including the methodology and results of the LTOA Protected Zone Status surveys for Ceratocystis in 2014, 2015 and 2016. C. platani can infect most species of plane trees. var addyb8051417b5f8a15612565485770721a2 = 'executive.officer' + '@'; The LTOA has become a UK partner in the new Euphresco project Identification of Cryphonectria and Ceratocystis spp. It is a wound pathogen causing canker, wilt and then death of infected trees. Since 2014 the LTOA has been leading on monitoring plane trees in London for the presence of canker stain, working closely with the Forestry Commission, Forest Research and several tree officers and managers to survey thousands of trees across the capital … The London plane {Platanus acerifolia Willd.) It is called Canker stain or “sycamore canker”. Sparse, thin crown with yellowing leaves. Preparation 2.1. It spread rapidly through Italy and into France and Switzerland. platani. Read our operational statement about COVID-19, Not present in United KingdomNotifiable – see ‘Report a sighting’ belowScientific name of causal agent - Ceratocystis platani. The new measures include more stringent requirements, and are based on the earlier Protected Zone arrangements. It is a brief, practical document intended to bring relevant information together into once place and ensure that in the event of an outbreak in the UK we are well-placed to eradicate the disease before it becomes established. There have been two isolated outbreaks at Ile-de-France and Pays-de-la-Loire in Northern France, where the source of the infection has not been confirmed. The major foliage disease of sycamores is anthracnose, although several cultivars of London plane have resistance. This tree is a cross between two sycamore species: Platanus occidentalis (American sycamore) and Platanus orientalis (Oriental plane). It is officially absent from the UK, although one case was reported on a London Plane in Guernsey in 2008. (Please note: where contact details in the Pest Alert differ from those given on this page, please use those on this page.). Infected trees exhibit sparse chlorotic (yellowing) foliage, and sometimes sunken, elongated or lens-shaped cankers (like oozing sores) in the bark (below). by entering through wounds and causing canker stain disease and tree death. In short, the legislation effectively banned the movement of plane plants into the UK unless they had been grown in an area free of canker stain of plane, and were accompanied by a plant passport certifying this. Barbara stated that as an industry we need to “be proactive not reactive and work collaboratively”. The text is accompanied by colour photographs on almost every page and drawings/diagrams to assist identification and diagnosis. Although its progress through France was initially slower, the fungus has been spreading northwards at a much faster rate in recent years. The response to discovery of a case in the UK would be guided by the Forestry Commission’s Contingency Plan. Beneath the cankers, the wood is stained bluish black or reddish brown in a wedge-shape (when viewed in cross section) with the point of the wedge extending toward the center of the trunk or branch. Soil pH adaptable, moderately salt and drought tolerant. It is spread predominantly by contaminated equipment being used on uninfected trees, although it can also be transported via root grafts. In Europe, both Oriental plane and London plane trees are seriously threatened by the invasive fungal pathogen Ceratocystis platani (Walter) Engelbr. Please note that TreeAlert and TreeCheck both require photographs to be uploaded. Until December 2019 the UK had European Union Protected Zone status for plane material to provide extra safeguards against accidental introductions of this disease on imported plane plants or wood. platani. Members can attend, for free, the the LTOA meetings which are held four times a year and cover a wide range of tree related matters. Affected trees decline so markedly that it is unlikely that the disease would have remained undetected if it had reached here. Since then, the disease has spread to 28 areas in parks and along streets and has destroyed some 600 mature trees. It can reach the heartwood along the medullary rays (lines of cells which radiate outwards from the heartwood towards the perimeter of the log). Three species in the Platanus genus are widely used as shade trees: P. occidentalis (sycamore, native to eastern US), P. racemosa (California sycamore, native to CA), and P. x acerifolia (a hybrid known as London plane). London plane tree is attacked by a number of pests. Canker stain: London plane and sycamore trees have sparse foliage, small leaves, and elongated sunken cankers on the trunk and larger branches. The canker may at first just appear to be a darkened, flattened area on the wood. In all cases, provide precise details of the location and, if possible, clear, well lit, close-up photographs of the symptoms. Tolerant hybrid plane trees are being developed, and one variety has been released to the market in France. However, with the re-categorisation of this organism as a Union Quarantine Pest in December 2019, Protected Zone status was no longer applicable. The disease has also been known as plane tree wilt. -canker stain is a serious fungal disease-frost cracks on trunks-may show leaf scorch in very dry summers-lace bugs may cause premature defoliation, but do not harm the tree Habitat-Zone 4-believed to be of hybrid origin involving a cross of American Sycamore (P. occidentalis) and Oriental Planetree (P. orientalis), which confers anthracnose Symptoms include: A sudden wilting of the leaves appears as the pathogen blocks up the water transport systems of the tree. On behalf of the Forestry Commission, the London Tree Officers' Association (LTOA) surveyed 2,979 London plane trees in 2014 for symptoms of C. platani infection. Click here to find out how to become an associate member, Members, if you don't login to the website, you won't see all the resources that are exclusively available to you, including presentations at quarterly meetings. Plants grow best in moist, deep, rich well-drained soil in full sun. This is the preferred route for suspected sightings made on trade premises, such as nurseries and garden centres. It is caused by the ascomycete fungus Ceratocystis platani ( C. platani ) , which was formerly known as Ceratocystis platani f. platani and Ceratocystis fimbriata s. sp. No effective chemical treatment is currently available. Although C. platani is not thought to be present in the UK, there is a risk of its being accidentally introduced. the European & Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (EPPO) database, daera-ni.gov.uk/topics/plant-and-tree-health/about-plant-and-tree-health, EU Exit and tree and forestry pests and diseases, plants, seeds, cuttings or other planting material, Forestry Commission’s Plant Health Service, UK Plant Health Risk Register entry, including pest risk analysis, American Phytopathological Society article, Anthracnose of plane (Apiognomonia veneta), Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis), Bleeding Canker of Horse Chestnut (Pseudomonas syringae pv aesculi), Canker stain of plane (Ceratocystis platani), Citrus longhorn beetle (Anoplophora chinensis), Conifer root and butt rot (Heterobasidion annosum), Dothistroma needle blight (Dothistroma septosporum), Elbow-patch crust of plane (Fomitiporia punctata), Elm yellows (Candidatus Phytoplasma ulmi), Emerald ash borer beetle (Agrilus planipennis), Great spruce bark beetle (Dendroctonus micans), Horse chestnut leaf miner (Cameraria ohridella), Larger eight-toothed European spruce bark beetle (Ips typographus), Neonectria canker of fir (Neonectria neomacrospora), Oak processionary moth (Thaumetopoea processionea), Oriental chestnut gall wasp (Dryocosmus kuriphilus), Phytophthora austrocedri disease of juniper and cypress, Phytophthora disease of alder (Phytophthora alni), Pine processionary moth (Thaumetopoea pityocampa), Pitch canker of pine (Fusarium circinatum), Red-necked longhorn beetle (Aromia bungii), Siberian silk moth (Dendrolimus sibiricus), Sweet chestnut blight (Cryphonectria parasitica), Thousand cankers disease (Geosmithia morbida), Two-lined chestnut borer (Agrilus bilineatus), Two-spotted oak buprestid (Agrilus biguttatus), Western, eastern and black-headed budworms, Report suspected sightings in Great Britain to us using, Report suspected sightings in Northern Ireland to the Irish plant health authorities using, In England and Wales, contact the local office of the Plant Health & Seeds Inspectorate (PHSI) of the. See ‘Official action’ below for details of a survey conducted in 2014. For unknown reasons the disease seems to have become less significant in the United States in recent years, but Greece and south-eastern France have experienced serious losses of shade trees. The most devastating of these diseases is called canker stain, which is caused by the fungus Ceratocystis platani. The ascomycete fungus Ceratocystis platani causes canker stain, also known as plane tree wilt, on several plane species, including London plane (Platanus x acerifolia) and its parents, P. orientalis and P. occidentalis. People receiving or handling imported plane material should be especially vigilant. The LTOA – in association with Treework Environmental Practice – has released a new industry publication: Detecting and identifying canker stain of plane. Of chief concern among these is the canker stain of plane (Ceratocystis platani) or CSP. is a hybrid betw^een American sycamore ... we have learned that the fungus occurs occasionally on the native plane- tree… London's plane trees could be under threat, warns the London Tree Officers Association (LTOA), from a new disease originating from the Continent. Ceratocystis platani is … We have also set up a new CSP working party made up of 8 LTOA members which will be looking at drawing up guidance for tree officers and contractors. The first is called Canker stain of plane: A guide to prevention and is a brief reminder for tree officers and contractors of the importance of biosecurity in the fight to prevent Ceratocystis from entering the UK. var prefix = 'ma' + 'il' + 'to'; Among them is London plane (Platanus x acerifolia, also known as Platanus x hispanica), which is widely grown in British towns and cities. Contaminated tree surgeons' and forestry workers' gloves, ropes, clothes and boots might also spread the fungus. Since 2014 the LTOA has been leading on monitoring plane trees in London for the presence of canker stain, working closely with the Forestry Commission, Forest Research and several tree officers and managers to survey thousands of trees across the capital to meet the requirements necessary to retain Protected Zone Status This ensures that plane saplings can only be imported into the country from other areas which have been confirmed as being free of the disease. Search terms in quotes will enable a more specific search e.g. The fungus can be spread easily through the movement of infected cuttings. Canker Stain of Plane Whilst its common name sounds the beginning of a popular tongue-twister, the reality of the disease featured in this week’s technical article is rather more sobering. These can become roughened and black with age. Canker stain was detected by us in 1961 from 35-to 45-year-old London plane trees grow-ing as city street plantings in Modesto. It includes chapters detailing morphology and infection strategies, movement and spread, symptoms, practical survey tips, sample collection and fungal identification, the UK and Italian methods of prevention and control and a comprehensive list of references and further reading. (differing from the species only in its pathogenicity to Platanus spp. The definitive UK Ceratocystis text Detecting and identifying canker stain of plane, by Lucio Montecchio; revised and updated by Neville Fay and John Parker, is available from the LTOA (www.ltoa.org.uk) or Treeworks Environmental Practice (www.treeworks.co.uk). Copies of the booklet are priced at just £5 and are available to purchase from the LTOA. It is seriously affecting the famous avenue of thousands of plane trees lining the banks of France’s Canal du Midi, and many have had to be felled. The first is called Canker stain of plane: A guide to prevention and is a brief reminder for tree officers and contractors of the importance of biosecurity in the fight to prevent Ceratocystis from entering the UK. C. platani can persist for months or years in affected wood and roots, so removal and burning of all infected material is the safest form of control. The fungus, C. fimbriata, was pathogenic to London plane and California sycamore, P. racemosa. A core strand will focus on tree diseases, and tree and soil health and resilience. Does not tolerate shady sites. London plane is a naturally occurring hybrid, and its parent species, eastern or Oriental plane (P. orientalis) and western or American plane (P. occidentalis), can also be infected. The LTOA, under contract to the Forestry Commission, has been carrying out these surveys in Greater London since 2013. Resilient the London plane tree may be, it is not without its share of problems, specifically disease. an area free of C. platani. Often wilting just occurs on one branch and then spreads. Some of the 'Additional resources' listed below also have illustrations. It is thought to be native to south-eastern USA and has spread throughout urban P. acerifolia populations planted in the large cities of the East coast. It originates from the eastern United States. It produces resilient, long-lived spores which spread the disease, and these can persist in soil and on un-sterilised pruning and cutting tools. & T.C. The new requirements apply to imports to the UK from Albania, Armenia, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United States and the EU-27. The disease is caused by the phytotoxin cerato-platanin, which occurs in the cell wall of C. platani, as well as other Dikarya, and is … Famous tree-lined avenues such as the Mall in London could be rendered unrecognisable for decades by a catastrophic tree disease spreading across Europe. The London Tree Officers Association currently have 150 tree officers across London with 45 associate members who carry out annual plane tree surveillance. C. platani infection causes pronounced staining of the xylem (the cells which transport fluid and nutrients up the tree from the roots), severe wilting and yellowing (chlorosis) of the leaves, and tree death. What does plane wilt look like? As mentioned, plane tree diseases tend to mirror those that afflict its close relative the Oriental plane and American sycamore tree. Since October 2014 the UK has held EU Protected Zone Status (PZS) for Ceratocystis, requiring robust controls relating to importations of plane trees and ensuring that planes can only be imported from other areas which have been designated free of the disease. Its spread can therefore be limited by sourcing plant material from regions free of the disease, and by practising strict biosecurity (plant hygiene), such as disinfecting tools with alcohol before moving on to the next tree. No positive findings of C. platani were detected in any of the trees inspected. There are unconfirmed reports from some other European countries. var path = 'hr' + 'ef' + '='; var addy_textb8051417b5f8a15612565485770721a2 = 'executive.officer' + '@' + 'ltoa' + '.' + 'org' + '.' + 'uk';document.getElementById('cloakb8051417b5f8a15612565485770721a2').innerHTML += ''+addy_textb8051417b5f8a15612565485770721a2+'<\/a>'; A study workshop weekend in Padua, Italy, on canker stain of plane: a new collaboration venture between TreeworkEnvironmental Practice and De Rebus Plantarum. This 48-page A5 colour booklet contains all of the essential information about canker stain (Ceratocystis platani) and should be regarded as essential reading for anyone interested in finding out more about the disease. "Ash". X. fastidiosa from elm does not infect sycamore or vice versa. Increasingly, people are developing allergies to London plane pollen. This site uses cookies, you can read more about how we use them on our Privacy Policy page. London plane trees and canker stain of plane - LTOA ITN interview John Parker, Chair of the London Tree Officers Association, and Greg Packman from the Royal Parks talk to ITN's Martin Stew about the threat posed to London plane trees by canker stain of plane (Ceratocystis platani). Click here to login. At the current time it is not believed that Ceratocystis is present in the UK. This latter pathway is thought to be the main means by which the famous avenue of plane trees bordering the Canal du Midi in France became infected. addyb8051417b5f8a15612565485770721a2 = addyb8051417b5f8a15612565485770721a2 + 'ltoa' + '.' + 'org' + '.' + 'uk'; Valley. This document is designed to inform and support tree officers and others working in the arboricultural industry should Ceratocystis be confirmed as having arrived in UK. Canker stain of plane is a disease which can affect several species of plane trees (trees in the Platanus genus). A fungal pathogen that causes a canker stain of plane trees, which leads to rapid decline and death. Since the first report of the stain canker agent Ceratocystis platani in 2001 in Geneva, dieback of London plane trees (Platanus × acerifolia) has focused greater attention and an epidemiological monitoring has been implemented, as part of a compelling state directive for stain canker management.Genetic identification was carried out in order to ascertain the presence or … Few other tree species are as well suited to the role currently fulfilled by plane trees. Infection commonly occurs through spores entering fresh wounds on healthy plane trees, such as those made by wind damage, birds, insects, and tree-care tools such as saws and knives. Visit the UK Government website for an explanation of the regulations applying to the importation of: The C. platani fungus is thought to have originated in North America. Staining can extend longitudinally (above and below) in the sapwood at a rate of 50–100cm per year. The London Tree Officers Association (LTOA) is pleased to announce the publication of two new guidance documents relating to canker stain of plane (CSP, Ceratocystis platani). Both documents have been influenced by the excellent work of the Forestry Commission, including the Keep it Clean campaign and the Ceratocystis platani Contingency Plan. Inspections were undertaken at 53 sites across 28 London boroughs. Abstract In Europe, both Oriental plane (Platanus orientalis) and London plane (the hybrid between P. orientalis and P. occidentalis, known as Platanus × hispanica, P. × acerifolia, P. × hybrida, and P. × intermedia) trees are seriously threatened by the invasive fungal pathogen Ceratocystis platani, the causal agent of canker stain disease (CSD) of plane trees. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Can be a messy tree since drops a lot of leaves, twigs and fruit. Ceratocystis platani is a fungal pathogen which affects the genus Platanus and causes infected trees to die. Canker stain of plane is a disease which can affect several species of plane trees (trees in the Platanus genus). The LTOA has developed considerable expertise in the subject and in October 2016 was confirmed as the UK partner in a new pan-European Euphresco project – Identification and early detection of Cryphonectria parasitica and Ceratocystis platani occurring on trees in Europe. The London Tree Officers Association (LTOA), has released a position statement outlining its concern about what it describes as ‘a number of significant pests and diseases threatening the health of London’s trees’. Boots might also spread the fungus Ceratocystis platani is a wound pathogen causing canker stain of plane.. System of the booklet was authored by international expert in Ceratocystis platani is not known to be in... 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